Joseph Oscar Harris was the son of James Marion Harris (1834-1865) and Sarah Ann Bevil (1835-1889). James Marion Harris was an older brother to Stan's 2 Great Grandfather, Gamewell Calhoun Harris. Vallie Harris would have been Stan's 2nd cousin two times removed so it's a distant relationship.
Vallie Harris' name was also spelled Vellie Harris, Valeria Harris, Valorie Harris. Her father, Joseph Oscar Harris was married twice. He was married to Nancy "Nannie" Jane Mitchell (DOB 4/7/1970 in SC; DOD 8/9/1916 in SC). They had 9 children: Ola Permelia Harris, Ernest Marion "Huck" Harris, Ella Harris, Bernice Harris, William Jennings Bryan Harris, Pearl Harris, Joseph Oscar Teague Harris Jr., Lula Bell "Babe" Harris, Iris Virginia Harris. He married Sarah "Sallie" Jane ? and they had 5 children: Edward Washington Harris, Annie McCain Harris, Vallie Harris, James Wallace Harris, Mahala Harris.
1900 U.S. Census of Enumeration District : 0072; Columbia Ward 4, Richland County, South Carolina; Roll: 1540; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 0092; FHL microfilm: 1241540, Description: Pinckney Township (pt), That part of Township south of public road leading from Jonesville by Kelley's and Bentley's to Calvert's store, thence to Pinckney ferry by Union road, Family #294, Lines 95-100, "Joseph C. Harris" (sic)
Joseph C. Harris, Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Mar, 1859, 41 yrs old, Widowed, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer, Can read and write
Jamie Harris, Son, W, M, Born Jan, 1882, 17 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farm laborer
Edward Harris, Son, W, M, Born Apr, 1884, 16 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farm laborer
Cellie Harris (sic, Vellie or Vallie Harris), Daughter, W, F, Born Mar, 1887, 13 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, At School
William Roberts, Hired, W, M, Born Jul, 1863, 36 yrs old, Widowed, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farm laborer
Guilford Foster, Hired, B(lack), M, Born Sept, 1886, 13 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farm laborer
I could not find her or her family in the 1910 U.S. Census. She married Walter Taylor Marsh about 1911 in Union County, SC. Walter Taylor Marsh was born Abt 1869 in SC to Malcolm Marsh and Sarah Martin.
1870 U.S. Census of Fourth, Richland County, South Carolina; Roll: M593_1507; Page: 273B; Image: 341672; Family History Library Film: 553006, Lines 32-37, "Malcom Marsh" (sic)
Malcom Marsh, 45 yrs old (DOB 1825), M(ale), W(hite), Farmer, $0 Real Estate Value, $300 Personal Estate Value, Born in SC
Sariah Marsh, 45 yrs old (DOB 1825), F, W, Keeping house, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Jesse Marsh, 15 yrs old (DOB 1855), M, W, Farm laborer, Born in SC, Cannot read or write
Henry Marsh, 11 yrs old (DOB 1859), M, W, Farm laborer, Born in SC
Martha Marsh, 7 yrs old (DOB 1863), F, W, Farm laborer, Born in SC
Walker Marsh, 3 yrs old (DOB 1867), M, W, At home, Born in SC
1880 U.S. Census of Center, Richland, South Carolina; Roll: 1238; Family History Film: 1255238; Page: 173A; Enumeration District: 158, Lines 8-13, "Malcomb Marsh" (sic)
Malcomb Marsh, W(hite), M(ale), 45 yrs old (DOB 1835), Father, Married, Farmer, Born in NC, Both parents born in NC
Sarah Marsh, W, F, 50 yrs old (DOB 1830), Wife, Married, Keeping house, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Jessie Marsh, W,M, 26 yrs old (DOB 1854), Son, Single, Farmer, Born in SC, Father born in NC, Mother born in SC
Walter Taylor Marsh, W, M, 12 yrs old (DOB 1868), Son, Single, Born in SC, Father born in NC, Mother born in SC
Pat Derricks, W, M, 27 yrs old (DOB 1853), Son-in-law, Married, Married within the year, Farm laborer, Born in Ireland, Both parents born in Ireland
Martha Louisa Derricks, W, F, 18 yrs old (DOB 1862), Daughter, Married, Married within the year, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Walter Taylor Marsh first married Alice Ophelia Dowie. She was born 12/7/1869 in SC to Robert J. Dowie and Emma Martin. They had 4 children:
1) Archie McCraney Marsh (DOB 12/23/1887 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 3/1/1965 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married to Azilee Esther Odom (DOB 4/15/1895 in SC; DOD 2/1970 in Columbia, Richland County, SC). They had 4 children:
.....1) Edna Catherine Marsh (DOB 2/28/1915 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 5/6/1989 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married ? Felts.
.....2) Ruby Mae Marsh (DOB 9/23/1917 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 4/25/2003 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married George Woodrow Stoudemire, Sr.
.....3) Leonard Odom Marsh (DOB 1/11/1922 in SC; DOD 4/23/2011 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married Margaret Louise Harrington.
.....4) Earle McCranny Marsh (DOB 8/25/1926 in SC; DOD 10/31/2005 in Leesville, Lexington County, SC) married Margaret R.
2) Dr. Walter Talley Marsh (DOB 5/25/1889 in SC; DOD 8/7/1929 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married Ella Virginia Radcliff (DOB 11/10/1892 in SC; DOD 3/21/1968 in West Columbia, Lexington County, SC). Dr. Walter Talley Marsh was killed when he he got his car stuck in some sand. He and his family got out, another car approached at a high rate of speed and Dr. Marsh tried to flag it down but was hit and penned between his car and the other car, basically crushing his lower body and he died of shock. They had 5 children:
.....1) Virginia Caroline Marsh (DOB 11/26/1913 in SC; DOD 7/1979 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married George Andrew Smyser (DOB 4/21/1946 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 12/18/2014 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) and 2nd Ervin Sylvester Ketner (DOB 1867 in ? ; DOD 11/21/1925 in Richland County, SC).
.....2) Dorothy Aileen Marsh (DOB 6/17/1916 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 5/9/2003 in ? ) married ? Holton and ? Coates.
.....3) Walter Talley Marsh (DOB Abt 1921 in SC; DOD 3/31/1938 in Orangeburg County, SC). He was only 16 yrs old but had an accident with his bicycle and the wound became infected and went into his blood stream and he died of cardiac failure from streptococcus blood infection.
.....4) Calvert Marsh (DOB 1925 in SC; living) married ?
.....5) Marion William Marsh (DOB 8/8/1927 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 2/13/1993 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married ?
3) Margaret "Maggie" L. Marsh (DOB 6/1890 in SC; DOD 6/21/1920 in Richland County, SC) married John David Walling (DOB 4/10/1881 in SC; DOD 6/10/1944 in Richland County, SC). Maggie Marsh Walling died of post partum hemorrhage after childbirth. They had one son: Walter David Walling (DOB 6/21/1920 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 1/14/1991 in Columbia, Richland County, SC).
4) Caroline "Carrie" Marsh (DOB 8/16/1892 in SC; DOD 5/1975 in Columbia, Richland County, SC) married James Marion Broome (DOB 9/16/1894 in Blythewood, Richland County, SC; DOD 2/3/1949 in Columbia, Richland County, SC). They had 1 child: Ophelia Broome (DOB 11/28/1917 in Columbia, Richland County, SC; DOD 1/10/1999 in ? ).
1900 U.S. Census of Columbia Ward 4, Richland, South Carolina; Roll: 1540; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 0092; FHL microfilm: 1241540, Lines 10-15, "Taylor W. Marsh"
Taylor W. Marsh, Head, W(hite), M(ale), Born Nov, 1869, 30 yrs old, Married 14 yrs (DOM 1886), Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Police, Can read and write, Rents home
Phelia Marsh, Wife, W, F, Born Sept, 1869, 30 yrs old, Married 14 yrs, 4 children with 4 still living, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Can read and write
Archie Marsh, Son, W, M, Born Dec, 1887, 12 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC Talley Marsh, Son, W, M, Born May, 1889, 11 yrs old, Single, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC Maggie Marsh, Daughter, W, F, Born Jun, 1890, 9 yrs old, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Carrie Marsh, Daughter, W, F, Born Dec, 1982, 7 yr sold, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
Alice Ophelia Dowie Marsh died 8/30/1901 in Union County, SC. She is buried in the Kelly Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, SC.
Obituary of Alice Ophelia Dowie Marsh
Death of Mrs. Marsh
The Young Wife of an Officer Passes Away
At 1:25 o'clock yesterday morning, after an illness extending over the greater part of two months, Mrs. Ophelia Marsh, wife of Police Officer W.T. Marsh, died at her home on Lumber Street. She was quite a young woman being just 32 years of age. She leaves behind four motherless little ones. The deceased lady was a sister of Police Officer Dowie. The funeral services were held yesterday afternoon at St. Timothy's chapel, of which Mrs. Marsh was a faithful communicant and earnest church worker, being conducted by the Rev. Harold Thomas. The interment was in the Kelly burying ground about four miles from the city.
The pallbearers were Messrs D.B. Sloane, R.C. Nash, W.J. Wood, S.N. Long, C.W. Hedgepath and W.H. Clayton.
Alice Ophelia Dowie Marsh
Birth: Dec. 7, 1869
Death: Aug. 30, 1901
Family links: Spouse: Walter Taylor Marsh (1869 - 1941)
Burial: Kelly Cemetery, Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, USA
Created by: Dean
Record added: May 14, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 37096973
1910 U.S. Census of Militia District 5, Chatham, Georgia; Roll: T624_178; Page: 11A; Enumeration District: 0079; FHL microfilm: 1374191, Lines 33-34, "Fred A. Lightbody"
Fred A. Lightbody, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 24 yrs old, Single, Born in GA, Father born in Scotland, Mother born in Ireland, Cafe clerk in cafe, Can read and write, Rents home
Walter Marsh, Boarder, M(ale), W(hite), 41 yrs old (DOB 1869), Widowed, Born in SC, Father born in NC, Mother born in SC, Town policeman, Can read and write
Walter T. Marsh married Vallie Harris.
1920 U.S. Census of Trenholm Road, School District 4, Richland County, South Carolina; Roll: T625_1707; Page: 34B; Enumeration District: 98; Image: 1001, Lines 88-89, "Walter T. Marsh"
Walter T. Marsh, Head, Owns home with mortgage, M(ale), W(hite), 49 yrs old (DOB 1871), Married, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Policeman rural
Valeria Marsh, Wife, F, W, 32 yrs old (DOB 1888), Married, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC
1930 U.S. Census of Olympia, Richland County, South Carolina; Roll: 2209; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 0041; Image: 915.0; FHL microfilm: 2341943, Lines 7-9, "Taylor Marsh"
Taylor Marsh, Head, M(ale), W(hite), 60 yrs old (DOB 1870), Married at age 18 yrs old, Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC, Farmer
Vallie Marsh, Wife, F, W, 41 yrs old (DOB 1889), Married at age 24 yrs old (DOM 1911), Can read and write, Born in SC, Both parents bonr in SC
Walter Marsh, Son, M, W, 9 yrs old (DOB 1921), Attends school, Born in SC, Both parents born in SC (This is Walter Talley Marsh son of Dr. Walter Talley Marsh and Ella Virginia Radcliff and he died in 1938.)
I couldn't find them in the 1940 U.S. Census.
Walter T. Marsh died 9/3/1941 in White Rock, Richland County, SC.
Male, White, Widowed (sic ? ), DOB (blank) in Richland County, SC, 72 yrs old (DOB 1869)
Father: Malcolm Marsh, born in Richland County, SC
Mother: Sarah, born in (blank)
Informant: A. McC. Marsh (brother), Columbia, SC
Cause of death: Laryngeal diptheria
Buried: 9/4/1941 in Columbia, SC
Vallie Harris Marsh married her half sister's widower, David Usra Alman. David was born 4/1/1890 in SC and he married 1st Ola Permelia Harris (DOB 1/15/1893 in Union County, SC; DOD 1/25/1944 in Greenville, Greenville County, SC). Ola Parmelia Harris was the daughter of Joseph Oscar Harris and Nancy "Nannie" Jane Mitchell while Vallie Harris was the daughter of Joseph Oscar and Sarah "Sallie" Jane ? . Ola and Vallie had the same father but different mothers. Ola and David U. Allman had 4 children: Bernice Lucille Allman, Maggie Evelyn Allman, Joseph Everette Allman, Meredith Elizabeth Allman.
Anyway, Vallie married David U. Alman in 1944. She died on 7/27/1958 in Monarch, Union County, SC (at home).
Female, White, Married to D.U. Alman, DOB 3/16/1887 in Union County, SC, 71 yrs old
Father: J.O. Harris, Mother: Sallie Harris, Informant: D.U. Alman, Monarch, SC
DOD 7/27/1958 at 5:00pm
Cause of death: Carcinoma of pancreas
Buried: 7/28/1958 in Foster Chapel Church, Union County, SC
Obituary of Vallie Harris Marsh Allman, The Greenville News, Greenville, SC, 7/28/1958, Pg 12
Mrs. D.U. Alman
Union-Mrs. Vallie Harris Marsh Alman, 71, died Sunday at 12:05 a.m. at her home on Rt 5, Union, after an illness of five months.
Born in Union County, she was a daughter of the late J.O. and Sallie Harris. Mrs. Alman was twice married, her first husband being the late W.T. Marsh of Columbia. In 1944 she was married to D.U. Alman of Union. Mrs. Alman was a member of Mon-Aetna Baptist Church.
Surviving besides her husband, are two step-daughters, Mrs. Bernice Cooper of Pelzer and Mrs. Meredith Fortner of Charleston; one step-son, Everett Alman of Clinton; four half-sisters, Mrs. John Bentley of Rt 4, Union, Mrs. Fant Faucette of Union, Mrs. Perno Heade of Union and Mrs. Jack Parris of Spartanburg; and two half-brothers, Ernest Harris of Escondido, Calif., and Joe Harris of Rt. 4, Union.
Funeral Services will be conducted at 5 p.m. Monday at Mon-Aetna Baptist Church by the Rev. John G. Hicks and the Rev. J.C. Lowe. Burial will be in Foster's Chapel Methodist Church Cemetery.
Nephews will be pallbearers.
Honorary escort will be members of the Men's Bible Class of Mon-Aetna Baptist Church.
The body is at the home on Rt 5, Union, where it will remain until 4 p.m. Monday when it will be taken to the church.
S.R. Holcombe Funeral Home is in charge.
David Usra Alman died 9/23/1961 in Pelzer, Anderson County, SC.
Obituary of D.U. Allman, The Greenville News, Greenville, SC, 12/24/1961, Pg 34
Pelzer-D.U. Allman, 71, of Union, died Saturday at 10:20 p.m. at the home of his daughter, Mrs. O.C. Cooper of Pelzer.
Funeral arrangements will be announced by Holcombe Funeral Home of Union.
Wallace T. Marsh was a policeman and I found some interesting newspaper articles that mention him.
Note: Yeggman is slang for a person who breaks open safes, a burglar.
Made Getaway While Officers Waied For Him In Anteroom
"Portland Ned" Gains Liberty
Noted Crook and Burglar was in Private Office of Governor Blease, Having Been Granted Parole Friday-Executive Left Office for a Few Moments, and on His Return Found Man Had Disappeared-Mystery Surrounds Affair.
(By Joe Sparks)
Columbia, April 26-While Richland county deputies acting as United States marshals waited in the anteroom to serve warrants, James Johnson, known as "Portland Ned," one of the most desperate yeggmen (a person who breaks open safes, a burglar) in the country, escaped from the private office of the governor of South Carolina today at noon. Johnson was paroled yesterday by the governor, but was held pending word from United States post office inspectors. This morning Johnson, upon order of the governor was carried to the State house for a conference with the governor. The governor left his private office to give some information to newspaper correspondents, leaving Johnson in the private office. When the governor returned it was found that the yeggman had walked through a door into the hallway and to liberty.
R. Beverley Sloan, United States commissioner here notified the Columbia police and the search for the prisoner was begun. "Portland Ned" is wanted by the postal authorities on several charges and it was the intention of the marshals to make the arrest this afternoon.
"Portland Ned" was convicted in Spartanburg county in 1911 on the charge of house breaking and larceny and was sentenced to serve 10 years in the State penitentiary. He was convicted following the completion of a 7 year term in the federal prison at Atlanta. The two terms were given for blowing the safe of the Enoree Manufacturing company in Spartanburg county when $10,000 was secured. The federal term was given for stealing some stamps from the post office at the same time.
R. Beverley Sloan, United States commissioner made the following statement: "Capt. Sondley telephoned me today from the penitentiary that the governor had requested that James Johnson be sent to his office. I immediately communicated with the sheriff's office and deputized H. S. Hipp, to serve the bench warrant as the sheriff was out of town. I instructed Mr. Hipp to go at once to the penitentiary and accompany the prisoner to the governor's office. He took a Mr. Hellams along with him to assist him. Mr. Hipp says that they went to the governor's office along with Mr. Robbins from the penitentiary who had the prisoner in charge. I am informed that upon arriving at the governor's office the governor forbade Mr. Hipp to serve the warrant and ordered him out of his office. As to the truth of this I can not say. The governor's private secretary telephoned to me and I at once went to the governor's office, taking with me a warrant sworn out by H.T. Gregory, post office inspector and in company with Deputy Marshall Senn. I was informed, and was shown telegrams the governor had from Judge H.A.M. Smith, United States Marshall J. Duncan Adams, District Attorney Cochran, substantially to the effect that there were no other charges against James Johnson. In justice to Gove. Blease I will say that these telegrams were in response to other telegrams he sent these parties before the parole was granted. When I arrived at the governor's office I immediately sent in to him the warrant which Inspector Gregory had sworn out. At this time I understand that the governor was in conference with James Johnson in his office. I could not get access to him. Immediately I sent Mr. Cochran the following telegram: "Have warrant sworn out for James Johnson by Gregory on 26th February, 1913. Wire governor at once." I then turned the two warrants over to Mr. Senn and instructed him to wait at the governor's office until Johnson came out. I came back to my office and called Mr. Cochran up over the telephone. He informed me that he had wired the governor to please detain Johnson. But I am sure that the governor did not receive this telegram until after the prisoner escaped. My recollection is that at the time I was talking to Cochran over the telephone Mr. Senn came to my office and told me the prisoner had escaped. He stated that he was in the governor's anteroom and the governor came out of his private office to speak to a lady. The governor then went back into his private office and immediately returned to the anteroom and stated that Johnson had walked out of the door in his private office leading into the hall of the state house and could not be found. I called up the governor's office and verified Mr. Senn's report as to the fact that Johnson had escaped. I at once communicated with the Columbia police department and requested them to use every endeavor to apprehend Johnson. In addition I deputized W.T. Marsh a constable of this city, who know Johnson personally to serve the warrant.
"Portland Ned" has a national reputation as a crook of superlative daring. Detective Reed said that he took the criminal as the man for whom he alleged he endeavored to buy a pardon because he was the most dangerous man in the state penitentiary. The man of many aliases was convicted, chiefly through the efforts of Post Office Inspector Greogry, of robbing the post office in Enoree, in Spartanburg county, and he served seven years in the federal prison in Atlanta. When he was released he was turned over the South Carolina authorities, and he was tried in the circuit courts, convicted and given 10 years in the state penitentiary.
"Portland Ned" gained additional notoriety during the sessions of the dispensary investigation committee held in Augusta last summer. It was there that Detective Reed gave his sensational "dictagraph proof" of a conversation with Sam J. Nicholls, of Spartanburg. The conversation referring to the getting of a pardon for the prisoner, or Johnson, was held in Spartanburg. It was stated that Nicholls agreed to act as associate council in the endeavor to get a pardon for Johnson. Detective Reed stated that he represented himself as a Chicago lawyer and wanted to get Johnson freed because he was heir to a large estate in Chicago.
You can Google "James Johnson 'Portland Ned'" and find more articles on his illustrious criminal career. Here are a few more I found.
Now back to W.T. Marsh:
The Watchman and Southron, Sumter, SC, 11/22/1913, Pg 6, "Posse Shoots Negro"
Negro Chased By Hounds To Cane Brake On River-Armed With Pistol and Shotgun
Columbia, Nov 19-Edward Winbush, the negro who shot at Sheriff J.C. McCain, of Richland county last Monday night, was killed by a posse yesterday about 2 o'clock in a cane brake on Broad River near Frost, a station on the Southern railway. Winbush is said to have been in the act of shooting a member of the posse when he was cut down. His body was pierced by 17 bullets. The negro was about 26 years old and is reported to have borne a bad reputation. Winbush was armed with a pistol at the time he was killed and had shotgun shells in his pocket.
Last Monday night Sheriff McCain was riding on a Colonial Heights car when Winbush fired a pistol into the air. The sheriff ordered him to give up his gun and intended to place him under arrest. The negro, however got off the car and fired through a window at Mr. McCain. The sheriff chased Winbush, but he made his escape after the shooting Monday night.
Early Tuesday morning W.T. Marsh and J.N. Helms, rural policemen went to Winbush's house at 2114 Sumter street to arrest him. The negro ran out of the back door. It is said that he threatened to shoot Mr. McKinnon, who is employed at the Confederate infirmary.
Sheriff McCain telephoned to the penitentiary for bloodhounds, which were put on the negro's trail. He summoned a number of deputies and gave chase. The negro was finally cornered about 400 yards from Frost station on the Southern railway, in a cane brake on the bank of Broad River after he had been trailed for several hours. It is thought that he failed in an effort to get a bateau (a flat bottomed river boat) to take him across the river.
Members of the posse say that the negro started shooting as soon as he saw that he was surrounded.
The Newberry Weekly Herald, Newberry, SC, 8/22/1919, Pg 2, "Negro Chauffeurs Held For Murder"
Coroner's Jury Clears Killing of James Goodwin
The State, 19th
The jury investigating the death of James Goodwin returned a verdict last night to the effect, "that he came to his death by being knocked from his cart and being run over by automobiles driven by Robert King and Pink Williams." The jury recommended that King and Williams be held for murder.
Rural Officers George Weston and W.T. Marsh testified before the jury that Pink Williams, negro chauffeur, had made an open statement in which he declared that he and Robert King were traveling over the Garner's Ferry road and that King overtook him and passed by. King struck a cart as he cut to the right. King was confronted with William's statement and he admitted the truth of the confession.
Williams and King were arrested by the rural officers after Ernest McDaniel, negro employed at the Capital City Garage, had said King bought gasoline on the night of the collision to take to a car in Shandon. Williams offered to tell the truth and the officers heard his statement. After the two rural policeman had testified King and Williams said they had repeated the statement they gave.
Mr. Daniel testified that King came to the garage at about 1:00 o'clock Saturday morning, August 9 in a Buick car. He saw King when he pulled it upward. McDaniel said he spoke to King saying, "you done hit something." King did not reply and left the scene.
The jury was composed of R.B. Davis, C.T. Senn, R.N. Wood, R.V. Stiller, Mark Taylor, and J.P. Palmer.
The Greenville News, Greenville, SC, 10/19/1922, Pg 6, "Richland Officer Held Blameless In Shooting"
Columbia, SC, Oct 18-Rural Policeman W.T. Marsh acted in discharge of his duty when he fatally shot Roy Gibson, negro, at Lykesland Sunday, according to the verdict of the coroner's jury which tonight held an inquest. Gibson was shot after he had fired at the officer from a freight car, in which he had taken refuge after firing at Andrew Patterson, supervisor-elect of Richland county.
Ship Designer Cut And Robbed
Captain Samuel Golden, 71, Hiking from Miami to Buffalo, N.Y., is Victim of Assailant
Columbia, April 27-Hiking back from Florida to his home in Buffalo, N.Y., Capt. Samuel Golden, 71 years of age, a designer of ships, was attacked and severely cut about the face, head and neck, by Tom Cherry, a negro, late yesterday afternoon, 16 miles from Columbia near Messers mill, on the old Camden road. Cherry was captured after he had attempted to get away, by Chief of Rural Police J.d. Dunaway and was brought to the county jail. He gave full confession of the attack and explained robbery as his motive. Captain Golden was taken to the Columbia hospital, where 60 stitches or more were required to close his wounds. Captain Golden was cut by a double edge safety razor blade.
The Negro, when interviewed last night, gave virtually the same explanation of the affair as Captain Golden.
It seems, from the account given by the two, that the negro had struck up with the aged captain early yesterday afternoon, about 12:30 or 1 o'clock, near Columbia, at the entrance into Lakeview. A few casual remarks were passed between the two as the old man walked toward Camden. Captain Golden was a bit uneasy, he said, but the negro displayed no vicious traits, and walked behind him a short way. Near the eight mile post on the road, the negro and the captain were overtaken by a wagon driven by Jess Koon, a white man. They rode with him to within a short distance of Messers mill, where Mr. Koon turned off the main road to go to his home. The old man and the negro dismounted and started walking down the the road. Captain Golden remarked to the negro, that he thought at the next house where he could be given lodging, he would stop for the night. Shortly thereafter the attack took place after the aged captain had remarked to the negro about his persistent following him.
The negro said, and the the captain corroborated, that he first struck Captain Golden over the head with a stick, snatched a double edged safety razor blade from his own pocket, as the old man forced the stick from him, and commenced the cutting. A wound extending from the left back of the captain's neck around to the right side o the throat, completely around the back of the neck, was made. Another long gash was made across the head, another across the face, and several wounds across each other were made on the face and head.
As deeply and severely wounded as he was, Captain Golden reached into his pocket, got his knife and opened it as he fell, to fight back at the negro. The negro grabbed the captain's hand-bag and ran out through the woods by the side o the road.
Bleeding, staggering and faint, the aged man managed to get to the home of Henry Dinkins, a half mile from the scene, where Mrs. Dinkins rendered what aid she could and set for help. R.R. Seeley traveled from there talked to Chief J.D. Dunaway of the rural police in the sheriff's office.
Stands Stitches Gamely
Chief Dunaway, accompanied by Dr. G.M.S. Roof, made a rapid trip to the home of Mr. Dinkins, where the old man lay wounded, and without the aid of any anesthetic, Captain Golden stood gamely while Dr. Roof took more than 30 stitches to close the wounds which were gradually bleeding himself to death.
Chief Dunaway and Dr. Roof were followed closely by Sheriff T. Alex Heise of Richland county, and the following rural policemen: J.E. Fralick, W.T. Marsh, A.H. Eleazer, E.V. Neeley, and A.B. Price, special officers J.W. Taylor and A.O. McKinnon, and Motorcycle Policeman James Crossland of Cayce. In the party were carried two bloodhounds, the property of J.G. Bickley.
It was on the return trip of Chief J.D. Dunaway and Dr. Roof, who were hurrying Captain Golden to the Columbia hospital, that Tom Cherry was captured, about seven miles below Columbia on the old Camden road. The negro had come back into the road only a short distance from where he was captured, after heading back toward Columbia through the woods. Chief Dunaway saw Cherry, and about the same time Cherry saw the chief, and attempted to crouch in a ditch alongside the road. Chief Dunaway, bringing the car to a stop, threw his gun on the Negro while Dr. Roof supported the officer with a rifle. Cherry was instantly and unhesitatingly identified by Captain Golden as the man who attacked him.
In the meanwhile, other officers on the chase, had been following the bloodhounds which had trailed the Negro into the woods and had located the captain's hand-bag, slashed open by a sharp instrument. Part of the contents had been removed and scattered further along. In a cigar box which was in the handbag were several small articles. The negro said when he procured the cigar box he thought he had located the captain's money box and so abandoned the handbag.
Cherry was brought into custody by Chief Dunaway and Dr. Roof, who were on their way to the hospital. Later the chief returned to the scene and the negro was positively identified by Jess Koon as the man who had ridden on the wagon with Captain Golden.
To make doubly certain they had the right man, officers had noticed a peculiar sort of track near where the hand=bag was found and the negro's shoes were examined. The track made indicated that the shoe had a kind of cleat extending the full way across the sole. Such a cleat had made tracks in the soft, moist earth, and had caused the dirt to be kicked up where those cleats protruded. The negro was found to be wearing shoes that would make such a track.
Cherry confessed to Sheriff Heise, Chief Dunaway, J.E. Fraylick, A.H. Eleazer and E.V. Neeley, before the party left the scene of the attack. He told a reporter last night that robbery had been his motive from the time he first met up with Captain Golden.
Sheriff Heise said last night that Tom Cherry, who has an alias of Tom Richardson, had served one term of 18 months on the Richland county chaingang and one term of 18 months on the Lexington chaingang. Both terms were the result of convictions of some sort of robbery or attempt at robbery. Cherry, who is about 25 years old, said that his home was in Columbia, at 401 Sumter Street. Until recently, the negro said, he had been employed by the Congaree Fertilizer company.
Captain Golden had about $16 in cash which the negro overlooked in his haste to get away. The negro overlooked in his haste to get away. The negro declared that he thought he had killed Captain Golden. Cherry is being held in the Richland county jail on charges of assault and battery with intent ot kill and highway robbery.
Captain Golden's home is in Buffalo, N.Y., at 386 Fourteenth Street. He had been in Miami, Fla. since September, 1924, and was leisurely making his way back to his home. Since being in Florida he has been engaged in shipbuilding, his life work, he said at the hospital last night.
When seen at the hospital, he was in a most cheerful mood, with apprehension only for the worry the affair might cause his family. He requested Sheriff Heise to send a telegram to Mrs. Golden telling her of the trouble but also telling her he was not injured badly, was in perfect condition and would write her a letter today in his own hand. With pardonable pride the real "ancient mariner" told the reporter last night of his success and failures in shipbuilding. He is especially proud o the Poughkeepsie, a ferry boat which plies the Hudson River. It is his own design, he said, except for few alterations which he claimed only served "to make her awkward".
The Gaffney Ledger, Gaffney, SC, 12/2/1926, Pg 12, "Find Second Still Of Enormous Size"
Near Where First Was Destroyed
"Twin Sister" Close to Columbia Apparently Produced Liquor in Wholesale Quantities
Columbia, Nov 30-No further developments following the discovery of two huge stills in the Congaree Swamp of Richland county could be announced last night, although officers continued to work on the case.
With the return of the raiding party of county officers led by Sheriff T. Alex Heise to Columbia yesterday morning about 5 o'clock, it became known that Sunday night they had discovered and completely wrecked an enormous liquor plant about four miles south of Adams pond and about one and one half miles below the spot on which had been found early Sunday morning by federal officers one of the largest plants ever captured in South Carolina. Thus within the space of a day the swamps of the Congaree yielding two huge distilleries, aptly characterized as "twin sisters" because of their almost identical size.
Situated alike, constructed along almost identical lines, with similar equipment, within one and one-half miles of each other, the two enormous plants, according to records discovered, had delivered themselves of thousands of gallons of whiskey.
Sunday night the party led by Sheriff Heise and consisting of J.D. Dunaway, chief of rural police; W.T. Marsh, J.R. Crossland, E.V. Neeley, and A.H. Eleazer, rural policemen, entered the deep swamps and upon information procured Friday, discovered the huge "twin sister" of the distillery captured before dawn Sunday by three federal prohibition officers led by Glenna D. McKnight of Berkeley county.
With the still captured by Richland officers were found 65 vats containing 32,500 gallons of mash or beer. In the equipment were found 130 feet of copper tubing forming the worm or coil of the plant. Steam for the operation was furnished by a 12 horsepower, coke burning, steam engine topped off by a 25 foot smoke stack. A gasoline motor forced water from the nearby creek into the still. The piping system was elaborately constructed and virtually all of the equipment was new. The value of the still was estimated by Sheriff Heise at $7,500.
As in the still found by federal officers, the county officers found a chart of the operation of this outfit showing it to have been in operation only about 11 days, during which time runs of liquor were made ranging from 175 gallons to 615 gallons daily. Due to the similarity in size, construction and location, both stills are believed to have been under the direction of the same person or persons.
When seen yesterday morning the still presented a scene of total wreckage. Richland officers did their work well in destroying the plant. So enormous was the outfit and so well constructed that the officers with aid of six negroes and two white men labored for hours before the destruction was complete. Spilled out into the lowland and marsh of the deep swamp the 32,500 gallons of mash floated away over the ground forming a frothy shallow lake in the vicinity of the plant.
A truck was required to make several loads in bringing to the Richland county jail, various pieces of equipment such as the boiler, pump, copper worm and the like.
Situated like it's wrecked twin the still occupied a quarter acre on a small peninsula jutting out into the creek and marsh of the dismal Congaree Swamp. Several roads leading toward the plant gave evidence of being traveled to some extent and converged just before reaching the still, to form one passageway into the narrow neck o the swamp peninsula. Buried deep in the heavy growth of the swamp lands the plant was well concealed and could not be seen until it burst into view on rounding a sharp rough curve of the road. Cooking and eating utensils were found and also some wearing apparel. Thirty five 100-pound sacks of sugar, several bags of corn and rice meal, 36 cases of fruit jars and other similar accessories were found.
None At Still
No one was found at the still although the raid had been planned with a hope of finding the plant in operation. But as the officers reached the scene nothing but the vast silence of the swamp greeted them. The still had not apparently been operated at all Sunday.
With the discovery of one plant near 3 o'clock Sunday morning and the capture of another about 8 o'clock Sunday night, within the space of several hours, what are believed to be two of the largest and most elaborately equipped distilling plants ever captured in South Carolina were brought down. Equipment and supplies o the two stills reached an aggregate estimated value of $17,500. A total of 67,500 gallons of mash or beer was dumped into the swamp. Both stills were evidently under efficient business management as the records disclosed a complete record of operations.
It was first presumed, judging from the records found at the plant destroyed by federal officers, that this outfit had been in operation for eight months but yesterday it developed that four months age a still was raided and wrecked on the identical spot on which the federal officers made their discovery. It is now believed that the records revealed operations of a previous still on that site as well as the one which was destroyed.
Federal officers at the still captured Sunday morning also captured one negro. This plant was not in operation and no whiskey was found.
No one was arrested nor was any whiskey found at the plant wrecked by county officers.